The Swiss revolted against the centralised control and Napoleon was finally defeated by the British and Prussians.
The ensuing Congress of Vienna guaranteed Switzerland's independence and permanent neutrality in 1815.
Swiss German is spoken by 65 percent of the population, French by 18 percent and Italian by 10 percent.
A fourth language, Romansh, is spoken by 1 percent of the population.
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Switzerland facts Switzerland or Confoederatio Helvetica (Swiss Confederation) is situated in Central Europe and shares a border with Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy, and France. Swiss population Switzerland has a population of approximately 7,639,961 (2011), out of which 65 percent are Swiss German, 18 percent are French, 10 percent are of Italian origin, 1 percent are Romansch inhabitants, and the remaining 6 percent consists of other ethnic groups.
This information is provided by Expertise in Labour Mobility, a company specialised in advice and guidance regarding international labour mobility.
Switzerland developed industries predominantly dependent on highly skilled labour.
Networks of railways and roads were built, opening up previously inaccessible alpine regions and helping the development of tourism.
As a prelude to full EU membership, Switzerland was to join the EEA (European Economic Area), but the citizens rejected the EEA in a referendum in December 1992.
At the end of the 20th century, growing doubts about Switzerland's past and future emerged.