Larry worked at Boeing while his wife was a stay-at-home mom home-schooling the two adopted kids and their seven biological children.
Blaming the victim: On a 911 call after Hana's death, Carri Williams (left) told the dispatcher that her 'rebellious' adopted daughter had killed herself by throwing herself down to the ground and refusing to come indoors When asked by the 911 dispatcher why she believed her daughter had taken her own life, Williams said that the girl was not breathing and lying face down in the mud after refusing to come indoors, according to the An autopsy report concluded that the girl died from hypothermia, with malnutrition and chronic gastritis as contributing factors.
Wasting away: Hana, pictured left sometime after her arrival in the U.
S., lost nearly 30lbs between 20, and had her head shaven when she was found dead in the backyard Angelic: Hana, pictured second left, seen as a young girl with her family back in Ethiopia The parents kept the family isolated from non-relatives, home-schooled the children and followed strict religious principles described in the Christian parenting book titled ‘To Train Up a Child,’ investigators said.
Despite children's physical and psychological underdevelopment relative to adults, there are many reasons why state- and non-state military organizations seek them out to join their ranks. In a 2004 study of children in military organizations around the world, Rachel Brett and Irma Specht pointed to a complex of factors that incentivise joining up, particularly: The scale of the impact on children of their use for military purposes was first acknowledged by the international community in a major report commissioned by the UN General Assembly and produced by the human rights expert Graça Machel, Impact of armed conflict on children (1996).
The report was particularly concerned with the use of younger children as participants in armed conflict, presenting evidence that many thousands of children were being killed, maimed, and psychiatrically injured around the world every year.
Manslaughter: Larry (left) and Carri Williams react in a Washington court Monday as a jury read their guilty verdict.
The couple were guilty of manslaughter in the death of their 13-year-old Ethiopian adopted daughter Jackson, who is deaf, told the jury in a Mount Vernon courtroom that when the Williamses’ son Immanuel, who was also adopted from Ethiopia, came to live with her, she could barely keep up with his demands for food.
OPAC also requires governments that still recruit children (from age 16) to "take all feasible measures to ensure that persons below the age of 18 do not take a direct part in hostilities".
In addition, OPAC forbids non-state armed groups from recruiting children under any circumstances, although the legal force of this is uncertain.
States that are not party to OPAC are subject to the lower standards set by Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions, which allows armed forces to use children over the age of fifteen in hostilities, and possibly to use younger children who have volunteered as spotters, observers, and message-carriers: The Parties to the conflict shall take all feasible measures in order that children who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in hostilities and, in particular, they shall refrain from recruiting them into their armed forces.
In 2017 the United Nations identified 14 countries where children were widely used by such groups: Afghanistan, Colombia, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.
Other countries have seen the reverse trend, particularly Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria and Syria, where Islamist militants and groups opposing them have intensified their recruitment, training, and use of children.